The Perry-Poole Family Tree - Person Sheet
The Perry-Poole Family Tree - Person Sheet
NameEdward I Plantagenet , King of England
Birth17 Jun 1239, Westminster, London, England
Death8 Jul 1307, Burgh-by-Sands, Cumbria, England
Burial1307, Westminster Abbey, London, England
MotherEleanor of Provence (1222-1291)
Misc. Notes
NickNames:
Hammer of the Scots, Longshanks

Titles:
Earl of Chester (1254 cr)  
King of England (1272 - 1307)

King Edward was styled as, "Rex Angliae, Dominus Hiberniae, et Dux Aquitaniae."

Edward I (June 17, 1239–July 7, 1307), popularly known as "Longshanks" because of his 6 foot 2 inch frame and the "Hammer of the Scots" (his tombstone, in Latin, read, Hic est Edwardvs Primus Scottorum Malleus, "Here lies Edward I, Hammer of the Scots"), achieved fame as the monarch who conquered Wales and who kept Scotland under English domination. He reigned from 1272 to 1307, ascending the throne of England on November 21, 1272 after the death of his father, King Henry III of England. His mother was Queen consort Eleanor of Provence.

Edward's character greatly contrasted with that of his father, who reigned in England throughout Edward's childhood and consistently tended to favour compromise with his opponents. Edward had already shown himself as an ambitious and impatient man, displaying considerable military prowess in defeating Simon de Montfort at the Battle of Evesham in 1265, having previously been imprisoned by de Montfort at Wallingford Castle and Kenilworth Castle. He gained a reputation for treating rebels and other foes with great savagery. He relentlessly pursued the surviving members of the de Montfort family, his cousins.

Edward was crowned by Robert Kilwardby, Archbishop of Canterbury.

The Coronation Chair in Westminster Abbey was made for Edward in 1299 using the Stone of Destiny which was removed from Scone Palace in Scotland and taken to Westminster Abbey in London. Since the time of Kenneth MacAlpin, the first King of Scots, around 847, Scottish monarchs were seated upon the stone during their coronation ceremony. Until 1996, it formed the seat on King Edward's Chair, on which all English monarchs since 1308 have been crowned, with the exception of Mary I. In 1996, the stone was returned to Scotland, to be returned to London only during royal coronations.

Edward's left eyelid drooped slightly, which he inherited from his father Henry III. He also spoke with a slight stammer.

Edward was the most well-travelled king since Richard I, going on crusade (from 1270 to 1274) before he became king, and travelling through Italy on his way home.

Like many Plantagenet kings, Edward occasionally displayed a bad temper. He is said to have thrown his daughter Elizabeth's coronet into the fire at her wedding; the privy purse account read, "to make good a ruby and an emerald lost out of the coronet, when the King's grace was pleased to throw it behind the fire." At another wedding, he supposedly hit one of his squires on the head so severely that he paid L13 6s 8d in settlement.

Throughout his life, Edward was known for his luck. When he was a boy, he leaped up from a chess game with his knights; seconds later, a large stone fell from the ceiling, exactly where Edward had been sitting.
Spouses
Birth1244, Castile, Spain
Death28 Nov 1290, Harby, Nottinghamshire, England
Burial1290, Westminster Abbey, London, England
MarriageOct 1254, Burgos, Spain
ChildrenJoan (1272-1307)
 Elizabeth (1282-1316)
 Edward II (1284-1327)
Birth1282
Death14 Feb 1317
MotherMarie de Brabant (1256-1321)
ChildrenEdmund of Woodstock (1301-1330)
Last Modified 25 Feb 2006Created 14 Jan 2022 using Reunion for Macintosh
Created Friday, January 14, 2022 by Mike Perry

using Reunion for Macintosh